Bone sclerosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Bone is a living tissue that responds to healthy or unhealthy conditions by becoming thicker or thinner. During childhood, bones are actively being built up, which slows down during the teen years. Bones are also being broken down, especially after age 20 due to wear and tear and weakening as we age. Bone tissue is … Read more

Muscular Tissue: Properties, Types, Structure and Functions

The tissue which are responsible for locomotion and for the movement of the different body parts is called muscular tissue. The muscle cells are often called muscle fibres due to elongated shapes of the cells. Muscle tissue is a specialized tissue which composed of fibres of muscle cells. They control the movements of an organisms … Read more

Neurohypophysis

Hypophysis or the pituitary gland of human is small pea-shaped gland weighing about 0.5 gm which makes up 80 percent of the gland’s overall weight. It is located under the brain, just behind the bridge of the nose between the hypothalamus and the pineal gland.Hypophysis or the pituitary gland consists of the following two parts: Adenohypophysis … Read more

Neuron: Definition, Classification, Structure and Functions

Nerves and specialized cells (neurons) comprise the nervous system. Structurally, the nervous system includes two parts such as CNS (the central nervous system) and the peripheral nervous system. The nervous system is highly specialized epithelium tissue for reception, discharge, and transmission of stimuli. The neuron or nerve cell is the structural and functional unit of … Read more

Kidney: Structure and Functions

The body needs some essential foods for maintaining proper growth. These foods should be some protein like meat, fish, eggs, milk, pulse, etc which are hydrolyzed into amino acids during digestion. Some amounts of amino acid are utilized in metabolic process of energy production. During the metabolic process, some nitrogenous wastes are produced as byproducts … Read more