Generally, the seed-producing plants are known as an angiosperm. The word “angiosperm” is derived from the two Greek words, ‘angeion’ meaning case and ‘sperma’ meaning seed. This type of plant produces fruits within which lies the seed or seeds. They can grow in different types of habitats. Based on habitats, they have various names such as hydrophytes (in water) mesophytes (in moist soils), xerophytes (in xeric conditions), halophytes (in saline soil) and epiphytes when they grow on other places. Aquatic and terrestrial angiosperms are worldwide in distribution. Angiosperms may be herbs, bushes, shrubs or trees, and small flowering plants.
Salient Characteristic Features of Angiosperms
Angiosperm forms the largest and diverse group of the kingdom Plantae which contains about 300000 species under 64 orders with 416 families.The angiosperm is also known as flowering plants, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta. About 80% of known living green plants belong to Angiosperm. Majority of all plant foods that we eat come from angiosperm. Among them, the notable are fruits, grains, vegetables, most nuts or beans.
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