Volvox : Characteristics, Structure, and Reproduction

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Volvox is a common freshwater free-floating chlorophytic green alga that belongs to Volvocaceae family under order Volvocales of division Chlorophyta. They occur in temporary and permanent freshwater tanks, ponds, pools, ditches, etc. There are some 20 freshwater species of Volvox which prefer to live in colonies with up to 60,000 cells by making a gelatinous … Read more

Monocots and Dicots: Characteristics and Differences

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Plants can be broadly divided into two types: flowering plants and non-flowering plants. In this case, flowering plant is also known as angiosperms while non-flowering plant is known as gymnosperms. Based on the nature of the embryo in the seed, angiosperms are again divided into the following two types: Monocotyledonous (Monocots) and Dicotyledonous (Dicots) plants. … Read more

Gymnosperms: Salient Characteristic Features

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The gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants which are also known as Acrogymnospermae. The term ‘Gymnosperm’ is originated from two Greek words, ‘gymnos’ meaning naked and ‘sperma’ meaning seed. It is a smaller ancient group of plants that produce naked seeds because their seeds are not enclosed by a fruit. On earth, more than … Read more

Difference Between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms

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Angiosperms are known as flowering plants which include the trees, herbs, and shrubs.  They are vascular seed plants and form the largest and most diverse group within the kingdom Plantae. Around 300,000 species of angiosperms are found in the world which represents 80% of all the known green plants.  They have a proper root system … Read more

Algae: Characteristics, Types and Its Classification

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Algae are the green slimy blanket which covers the rock surface or the top of the ponds or a poorly kept aquarium that have the ability to conduct photosynthesis. The algae belong to the subphylum Thallophyta of the kingdom Protista in modern classification of organisms. Latin ‘alga’ means seaweed. These are eukaryotic organisms, autotrophic in … Read more

Angiosperms: Salient Characteristic Features

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Generally, the seed-producing plants are known as an angiosperm. The word “angiosperm” is derived from the two Greek words, ‘angeion’ meaning case and ‘sperma’ meaning seed.  This type of plant produces fruits within which lies the seed or seeds. They can grow in different types of habitats. Based on habitats, they have various names such … Read more