Best Anatomical Skeletons: Review and Buying Guide 2020
There are various uses of anatomical human skeletons. In the schools, colleges and universities, they stocked various types of anatomical skeleton based on their student’s requirements. These skeletons are essential for biological and medical science students for studying purposes to gather specific knowledge.
In the market, there are variety sizes of skeleton with various prices. To purchase the perfect anatomical human skeleton without any hassle, we made a list of 10 high quality and best anatomical human skeletons for you in the following table. You may purchase any one easily from the list that fulfills your requirements.
Table: 10 Best Anatomical Human Skeletons
Price on Amazon
Axis Scientific Human Skeleton Model
Walter Products B10215 Medical Life Size Human Skeleton Model
Wellden Medical Anatomical Human Skeleton Model
Wellden Product Anatomical Human Skeleton Model
Mr. Thrifty Budget Skeleton Model
3B Scientific A10/1 Stan the Standard Skeleton
LYOU Human Skeleton Model
Axis Scientific Mini Human Skeleton Model
RONTEN Human Skeleton Model
Axis Scientific Half Disarticulated Human Skeleton
1. Axis Scientific Human Skeleton Model
2. Walter Products B10215 Medical Life Size Human Skeleton Model
3. Wellden Medical Anatomical Human Skeleton Model
4. Wellden Product Anatomical Human Skeleton Model
5. Mr. Thrifty Budget Skeleton Model
6. 3B Scientific A10/1 Stan the Standard Skeleton
7. LYOU Human Skeleton Model
8. Axis Scientific Mini Human Skeleton Model
9. RONTEN Human Skeleton Model
10. Axis Scientific Half Disarticulated Human Skeleton
- 3 part skull,
- one disarticulated hand,
- one disarticulated foot,
- one arm,
- one shoulder,
- one side of the ribs,
- one leg,
- all intervertebral discs,
- a half pelvis,
- hyoid bone,
- sacrum, and
Human Anatomical(Skeletal) System
Human skeleton is mesoderm origin special type of connective tissue, bones and cartilage which build the main structure of the human body. It holds the soft organs, provides rigidity to the body and gives surface for muscle attachment. Most parts of the human skeletal system is composed of bone.
Parts of Anatomical Human Skeletal System
The human skeleton is divided into the following two main parts:
- Axial skeleton and
- Appendicular skeleton
Axial Skeleton: It forms the axis of human body. It consists of:
- Vertebral column and
- Thoracic cage.
Appendicular skeleton: It makes the appendages of the human body. It consists of:
- Pectoral girdle,
- Skeleton of upper limbs,
- Pelvic girdle and
- Skeleton of lower limbs.
The skull is the part of human skeletal that forms the bony framework of the head. It consists of 29 bones. Among these, 9 cranial, 14 facial, 6 ear ossicle and 1 hyoid bone.
The skull contains a large cavity, known as cranial vault (cranium or calvarium) which holds and protects the brain. The human cranium is form by eight plate-like bones. These plate-like bones are attached together at joints, known as suture.
The lower front of the skull is composed by 14 facial bones which provide the framework for most of the face. At birth, many cranial, bones are not fused so that six spaces are left without any bony covering. These space are fontanels. These spaces allow change in the shape of the child`s head in passing through the birth canal during birth and allow for brain growth.
The vertebral column forms the central axis of the human body. It is also known as spine or backbone. It is composed of several pieces of irregular shaped, separate bones those have tight attachments with each other but limited capability of movement. These bones are called vertebrae (sing. Vertebra). The thin regions of cartilage are present between the vertebrae of the spine, known as the intervertebral discs or symphysis.
The spinal cord is sheltered from outside injury because it is placed in the hollow bony tube which is formed by the vertebral canals. Between the vertebrae are small space known as intervertebral canals that allow spinal nerves to exit the spinal cord and connect to the various regions of the body. The average length of vertebral column of male is 70 cm and of female is 60 cm.
Types of Vertebrae
There are 33 bones in the vertebral column. Among them, 24 are articulated vertebrae (sacrum) and 9 are fused vertebrae (coccyx). The vertebrae are of 5 types correspond to the different regions of the column. These are called cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal, respectively.
5 (1 in adult)
4 (1 in adult)
In adult human body, 5 sacral vertebrae fused together to form a single structure known as sacrum and 3 coccygeal vertebrae fused together to form a single structure, known as coccyx. When counting human bones these structures are treated as a single bone, in that case human backbone is composed of 26 bones.
Functions of Vertebral Column
The thoracic cage is composed of 12 thoracic vertebrae, 12 pairs of ribs, costal cartilage and the sternum.
The first seven pairs of ribs are known as true ribs which are attached to the sternum by costal cartilage. The next three pairs ribs are known as false ribs which are also attached to the cartilage. The last two pairs (11 and 12th) are free in front, hence they are called floating ribs. The sternum is a flat and elongate bone that bears the body, manubrium, and xyphoid process. The upper end of sternum attached with the clavicle, while the margins are attached with costal cartilages of seven pairs of ribs.
Functions of Thoracic Cage
Appendages skeletons of the body are known as appendicular skeletons. These include pectoral girdle, bones of upper limb, pelvic girdle and bonse of lower limbs;
It attaches the upper limb to the body trunk and is formed by two bones: the clavicle and the scapula. Clavicle is also known as the beauty bone or collar bone and it is modified long bone. It is also known as the beauty bone or colar bone. Scapula is a pear-shaped flat bone that contains the glenoid fossa for the attachement of shoulder joints. It bears acronium process, coracoids process and spine of scapula.
Upper Limbs (Fore Limbs)
Each upper limb contains 30 bones. These bones are:
Name of Bones
Humerus: The first bone of theupper limb is known as humarus. It is the longest and strong bone of the upper arm which articulates with the glenoid cavity of the pectoral girdle at the proximal end and with the radius-ulna at the distal end.
Radius and Ulna: The middle part of the upper limb consists of two bones radius and ulna which are attached at their both ends. The radius is placed on the thumb side while the ulna is situated on the side of the little finger.
Carpal Bones: The wrist consists of eight bones which are arranged into two rows of four bones each and held together by a series of ligaments. The proximal row bears: (i) Scaphoid (ii) Lunate (iii) Triquetral and (iv) Pisiformes. The distal row bears: (i) Trapezium (ii) Trapezoid (iii) Capitate and (iv) hamate.
Metacarpal Bones: The hand consists of single row of five small, elongated bones of the palm called, metacarpals.
Phalanges: These are bones of fingers of hand is called phalanges. There are 14 phalanges bones. Among them, two bones make the thumb and three bones are present at each of the four fingers.
The pelvic girdle consists of two halves, each called hip bone or innominate bone are joined with each other at symphysis pubis.
Each hip bone has three parts such as Ilium, Ischium and Pubis.
These three bones united to form a cup-shaped cavity, known as acetabular cavity and face laterally, downwards and forwards.
The obturator foramen is a large opening between the pubis and ischium below and the acetabulum in front.
In females, the pelvic girdle is more circular, thinner, lighter with less prominent muscular impressions and having all diameters comparatively large. The pelvic girdle plays a number of important roles in the human body.
Functions of Pelvic Girdle
Lower Limbs (Hind Limbs)
Each lower limb or hind limb contains 30 bones. These are shown in the following table:
Name of Bones
The first bone of the lower limb is called femur. It is the largest and strongest bone of the human body. It consists of upper end, shaft and lower end. The upper end or head articulates with the acetabulum of the hip bone giving a secure joint but with less freedom of movement. The tibia and patella are attached to the lower end of the femur.
Tibia and Febula
The middle part of the lower limb consists of two bones-tibia and fibula which are attached at their both ends. The tibia is situated on the medial and fibula on the lateral side of the leg. The tibia is a strongest bone which transmits body weight from femur to the foot.
These are seven bones of the ankle which form the skeleton of the posterior part of the foot. They are arranged in two rows: The proximal row has (i) Talus and (ii) Calcaneus. The distal row has (i) Medial cuneiform (ii) Intermediate cuneiform (iii) Lateral Cuneiform and (iv) Cuboid. These are adapted for supporting weight.
Metatarsals and Phalanges
The foot consists of five metatarsals and 14 phalanges. Among the metatarsals two in the big toe and three in the other toes.
Functions of Skeletal System
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