Spotted Crake : Porzana porzana

The spotted crake (Porzana porzana) is a migratory waterbird which belongs to the family Rallidae under order Gruiformes. During winter, they migrate to Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh from Europe and Western Asia. Systematic Position Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Aves Order: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae Genus: Porzana Species: Porzana porzana Habit and Habitat Spotted crake is … Read more

Reptiles: General Characteristics, Classification and Examples

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Reptiles belong to the class Reptilia under subphylum Vertebrata of phylum Chordata. The representatives of modern reptiles include turtles and tortoises, crocodiles and aligators, snakes, lizards, amphisbaenians and,  tuataras.  The science which deals with study of modern amphibians and reptiles is collectively called herpetology. The body size ranges from 17 mm (0.7 inches) to   … Read more

Amphibia: Characteristics, Classification and Examples

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The class Amphibia belongs to the subphylum Vertebrata of phylum chordata. All the representatives of Clssa Amphibia are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrate animals which inhabit a wide variety of habitats including terrestrial, arboreal, fossorial,  or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. The name amphibian is derived from Greek word “amphibious” which means “living a double life”. Because some species … Read more

Aves: Characteristics, Classification and Examples

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Aves is a class of vertebrates that comprises the birds’ species. Birds are bipedal, feathered, and endothermic egg-laying animals. They are found worldwide, and their size ranges from 5 cm (bee hummingbird) to 2.75 m (ostrich). Among the tetrapod classes, birds constitute the largest number of species. There are about 10,000 living modern bird species … Read more

Wildlife and Its Conservation

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Ecological balance is maintained when the environmental factors remain in a state of balance. If one or more of these factors are disturbed to any extent, then they may be recovered soon. But gross natural calamities like flood, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc. destroy the ecological balance considerably and environmental organisms are liable to destruction. The … Read more