Role of Plant Hormones in Agriculture and Horticulture

There are various synthetic organic compounds which are applied to plants to give some positive responses. These compounds are artificial plant hormones which help in a deficient concentration (< 0.001 M) in maintaining of growth and development of the plants. These are now widely used to get a better result in the field of agriculture … Read more

Comparison Among Auxin, Gibberellin and Cytokinin

Image of Comparison among Auxin, Gibberellin and Cytokinin

The following table shows the comparison among Auxin, Gibberellin and Cytokinin:AuxinGibberellinCytokininIt is an organic acid: Indole radicle-Auxin a(auxenotriolic acid): C18H32O5, auxin b(auxenolonic acid): C18H30O4 and hetero auxin(indole acetic acid): C10H9O2N. It is also organic acid-5-ringed diterpenoids. Its chemical formula is C19H22O6 (GA3).It is also an organic alkali: 6-furfuryl amino purine similar to adenine. Its chemical … Read more

Gibberellin and Cytokinin

Gibberellin The gibberellin is the plant hormone that contains diterpenoids organic acid and acts as growth regulator of the plants. The fungus Gibberella fujikuroi is responsible for fooling seedling disease or bakanae disease. Eiichi Kurosawa ( a Japanese scientist) first identified this disease in 1926. Later on, Tokyo University showed that this fungus Gibberella fujikuroi … Read more

Auxin and Its Functions

Auxin is a indole radicle plant hormone which is produced by growing tip of a coleoptile and influence growth rate of the cells and also encourages the length of roots and stems of plants. This type of hormone contains different types of organic acid. The plant hormone auxin and its role were first discovered by … Read more

Photosynthesis: Definition, Process and Its Significance

image of Photosynthesis

All the living organism needs energy to perform their different normal metabolic functions. Food is the source of the power of the living body. Chlorophyll-containing plants produce foods by using solar energy. This particular function for creating their food is known as photosynthesis. French physiologist Henri Dutrochet (1837) first showed that the green parts of … Read more

Fermentation Vs Respiration : Definition, Types and Differences

The term ‘ferment’ is derived from the Latin word ‘fervere’ meaning “to boil.” In the late 14th century, alchemists described fermentation process and it became the subject of scientific investigation in the 16th century. In the 1860s, Louis Pasteur studied the fermentation process. In 1897, German chemist Eduard Buechner first used fermentation process scientifically and … Read more