Economic Importance of Viruses

Virus is an infectious agent with microscopic size that needs living cells of plants, animals or bacteria to multiply. The name virus is derived from Latin word meaning “poison” or “slimy liquid”.  There are various economic importance of viruses. It is used in preparation of sera and vaccines to prevent various diseases. They are not … Read more

Economic Importance of Bacteria

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Bacteria are single-celled microscopic organisms which can live in different types of environment and survive in extreme conditions. They contain high protective coating in their body, which enhances to live any severe conditions. Many bacteria possess flagella which help them to move around, but some have hair-like structures which help them live in hard surfaces … Read more

Fungus: Definition, Characteristics, Types and Economic Roles

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Fungi (singular fungus) are the eukaryotic organisms that belong to the Kingdom Fungi. They have no chlorophyll pigments and vascular tissues. The body consists of a single cell to branched filamentous hyphae that often produce specialized fruiting bodies. The special characteristic of fungi is that they grow rapidly and die soon. In nature, there are … Read more

Denitrifying Bacteria: Examples and Benefits

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Nitrogen is the necessary component of life, which is essential to all life-forms. The naturally available environmental nitrogen is inorganic, which convert into organic compounds like ammonia by the presence of nitrogen-fixing organisms. These natural nitrogenous products are taken up by plants and animals. The excess amounts of these products are removed in the form … Read more

Endotoxins Vs Exotoxins

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Micro-organisms such as bacteria, fungi produce toxic substances that boost up the infection and diseases through damaging the host tissues and by troubling the immune system. The most potent and known natural bacterial toxin is Botulinum neurotoxin which has essential uses in research and medical science. At present, toxins are used as tools in cellular … Read more