The water filter is an essential item for any aquarium. It helps biological and mechanical cleaning of your aquarium from waste materials. It also contributes to increase oxygen supply in the water of aquarium. In the market, lots of water filters are found. To pick the right filter for your aquarium, you should review about the filter and take decision which filter is appropriate for your fish tank. But its installation process is more or less hard for many beginner aquarists. Generally, external and internal filters are used in aquarium. Among these, external filter is attached outside and internal filter is placed inside the aquarium. The choice of the filter depends on the features of the aquarium, tank size, volume and number of living fish, aquatic plants and personal preferences. Let’s discuss How to Setup a Filter in the Aquarium.
Functions of filters:
How to Choose Filter for an Aquarium?
Filtration plays an important role in keeping up aquarium well being and it is hard for beginners to keep up the bio-balance at the required level without it. For the right decision of the aquarium filter, it is important to see how the filtration of aquarium water functions, since filter selection is a difficult task for a beginner’s aquarists. Since an unbelievable number of filters of various types and brands are sold. The choice of the type of filtration is determined by the financial abilities, the size of the aquarium and those fish that you plan to keep in your aquarium.
Types of Aquarium Filter:
Many different types of filter are found in the market which helps to clean water and keep your fish happy and healthy. The aquarium filters does work three ways namely are mechanical, biological and chemical and now a day, the most of the filters encompass with more than one system.
The internal filter is a very simple filter in which water is entered the lower part and exit through the upper part. This type of filter helps to enrich the oxygen in water. It is suitable for beginner fish keepers with small size aquarium and nano aquarium. Internal filters are utilized inside the aquarium. It is essentially set in the aquarium either on the substrate, or mounted to one of the sides with suction containers. A power head on the filter draws water through the filter material and cleans the water. The power head strategy moves more water through the filter than air powered devices.
Pros of Internal Filter:
Cons of Internal Filter:
The most widely recognized style filters for pet fish keeper is the power filter. It is also called hang on back filter or HOB filter. It generally contains bio-wheel or replaceable filter to give extra biological support to the tank. Replaceable filter cartridges make upkeep simple and helpful. Power filters are likely the most generally utilized aquarium filters. They are very easy to use and give magnificent biological, chemical and mechanical filtration. They are the ideal filter for most famous aquarium sizes housing a variety of tropical fishes. Power filter is the ideal filtration for the beginner fish keepers due to the low cost and easy to maintenance.
External Aquarium Filters
The external filter is very suitable for large sized aquarium. It is very expensive but it performs good function to clean your aquarium. External filters give high water turnover and can deal with sizeable strong particles. The common operation for this kind of filter is for a pump to force water from the aquarium, through layers of filter media, and empty it once again into the tank, which additionally gives air circulation. External filters are in canister or box shape. External filters are less demanding to keep up and clean than inner filters.
Pros of External Filter
Cons of External Filter
External Canister Filters
Canister filter is the most conventional style of filter which is utilized by aquarium pet fish keepers. It is particularly used for aquariums with 40 gallons or larger aquarium. It gives mechanical, chemical, and biological filtration for larger aquariums or aquariums with a huge amount of fish. These filters have a siphon tube and adaptable pipe. These multipurpose filters are perfect for African and South American Cichlid aquariums, saltwater aquariums, and freshwater planted aquariums. Canister filters are in the medium price range and require a direct level of maintenance. It is the perfect filtration for freshwater planted aquariums.
Sponge or Air Driven Filter
This type of filter is perfect for raising fry, hospital aquariums, and small aquariums with small sized fish or invertebrates. They are sufficiently strong to keep up great water conditions and to keep small aquarium occupants free from damage. These filters are put inside the aquarium. The sponge filters have a u-shaped tube which is utilized to force water through a sponge like material. This kind of filtration is extremely cheap but difficult to maintain. The sponge filter should be washed in water to expel biological matter each week. Sponge filter should be washed in such a way that the helpful microbes remain unchanged that is liable for the biological filtration.
This filter is great for saltwater fish aquarium or any large aquarium setup. Wet/dry filter is very perfect for biological filtration. This filtration system makes the perfect condition for huge quantities of useful microorganisms to successfully prepare waste materials. Wet/dry filter is commonly situated underneath the aquarium. A U-tube is utilized to move the water inside the aquarium. This filer is expensive and requires a low measure of maintenance. It is not suited for a freshwater planted aquarium. To keep your filter clean, you should wash the filter materials weekly basis.
Under-gravel filter is a primarily biological filter. It has a replaceable cartridge placed at the end of the rigid tubing to provide additional chemical or mechanical filtration. This filter is available for small or large aquariums but it is best suited for aquariums with a small amount fish load. It is placed under a layer of gravel at the bottom of the aquarium. It moves water through the gravel to make conditions helpful for biological filtration and it effectively separates waste materials. It is generally cheap and easy to maintain.
Disadvantage of under gravel filters
How to Install a Filter in the Aquarium
The aquarium makes a closed aquatic environment. To make your aquarium environment healthy, you need correct filtration system. Filter installation begins with the assembly part. You need to ensure that your filter is very much assembled before the installation begins. Most filter makers would send the filter to the customer with parts isolated. Initially you should follow the guidelines included with your filter. The most part of the filters may require simply assemble. It is essential to flush the majority of the filter parts that are washable in clean water before submerging it in the water. Running a filter without water will burn through the engine, so guarantee that the pump is prepared.
Internal Filter Installation Process:
Under Gravel Filter Setup Process
External Filter Setup Process
External filter is a more complex device. In perspective of the large size, it is not placed in the aquarium. It is put outside of the aquarium. It has a few phases of mechanical and biological cleaning and utilized by experienced aquarists. Such a device can work for an adequately long time without special upkeep.
During the operation of the device it is necessary to periodically check all the elements to prevent possible water leakage. Such device is worth buying only from well known and proven manufacturers which have service centers and also it is easy to buy spare parts for repairs.
Proper Maintenance of Filter
You might also like to Read: Best Aquarium Thermometer.
The water filter plays an important role to keep up your aquarium perfect and sound. To remove overabundance food materials, fish waste products and other harmful substances from your aquarium, the filter is basic. In this case, you should purchase and introduce best aquarium filters in your aquarium, to make a sound aquatic environment.